Kiliç Ali Paşa, born as Giovanni Dionigi Galeni of Calabria, was enslaved as a young man and forced to work the high seas in the Ottoman navy. He rapidly rose through the ranks of his captor vessel before becoming captain of his own ship, later achieving the rank of Grand Admiral (Kiliç) of the world’s strongest navy at the time. Towards the end of his naval career, Ali Pasha commissioned his namesake mosque.
Kiliç Ali Paşa’s rival is rumored to have proclaimed “let him build his mosque on the sea.” The petty insult was taken instead as a challenge and Ali Paşa and Mimar Sinan, the architect, decided to do precisely that.
The mosque itself was built on an artificial island created along the banks of the Bosporus Strait. Its position on the water was meant to reflect its dedication to the Ottoman navy under Ali Paşa. The mosque was one of Sinan’s last designs and featured a colossal dome and single minaret. Much like Sinan’s other designs, it has a central plan modeled after the Hagia Sophia. The mosque complex also includes a medrese (religious school), a steel foundry, and two hamam (bathhouses). The bathhouses were recently renovated and bringing new attention to an otherwise often overlooked mosque. Kiliç Ali Paşa was entombed within the mosque complex’s türbe, or mausoleum.
By Raheem Elrington Middleton, Patrick Greene, and Tomasso Marasa
 “Kiliç Ali Paşa Mosque.” Istanbul Tour Studio.
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